Petroleum Fuel MixtureNormal Carbon NumberCompound ClassesUsage
Gasolinen-C4—C12● High conc. BTEX, monoaromatics, and branched alkanes
● Lower conc. n-alkanes, cycloalkanes, and naphthalenes
● Very low conc. PAHs
Automotive spark-ignition engine 
Kerosenen-C9—C16● High conc. cycloalkanes and n-alkanes
● Lower conc. monoaromatics and branched alkanes
● Very low conc. BTEX and PAHs
Critical kerosene burners
JP-4, fueln-C5—C18● High conc. cycloalkanes, n-alkanes, branched alkanes
● Low conc. n-alkanes, BTEX andmonoaromatics
● Very low conc. PAHs 
Aviation turbine engines 
Dieseln-C8—C21● High conc. n-alkanes and cycloalkanes
● Lower conc. branched alkanes, monoaromatics, naphthalenes, and PAHs
● Very low conc. of BTEXs
High-speed engines, Domestic burners, Medium capacity commercial-industrial burners 
No 6 fuel oiln-C12—C34● High conc. n-alkanes and cycloalkanes
● Lower conc. naphthalenes and PAHs,
● Very low conc. BTEXs 
Commercial burner industrial burners 
Lubricating, motor oilsn-C18—C34● High conc. branched alkanes and cycloalkanes
● Very low conc. BTEXs and PAHs 
Internal combustion engines 
Crude oiln-C1—C34● High conc. n-alkanes branched alkanes, and cycloalkanes
● Lower conc. BTEXs, PAHs andnaphthalenes
● Variable conc. of sulfur heterocyclics
For extraction of petroleum fuels

Foot Notes:

  • BTEX refers to the chemicals benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene.
  • PAHs refer to Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.


  • Several petroleum fuel mixtures from Potter & Simmons, 1998
  • Research by Emiel Rorije et. al on Risk assessment of Petroleum substances.

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