This section contains MCQs from Chapter 13 Part 1: Fingerprints from Forensic Science Book By Nordby, James, and Suzanne.

Note: Check more MCQs chapter-wise from the Forensic Science book by Nordby, James, and Suzanne.

1. What are the features of fingerprints that make them suitable for personal identification?

  1. Their unique patterns and the ability to change over time
  2. Their unique patterns and permanence throughout a person’s lifetime
  3. The presence of friction ridges and their genetic basis
  4. Both (2) and (3)

Answer and Explanation

2. Why do identical twins have different and distinguishable fingerprints?

  1. The basic shapes of the patterns and ridges are not determined solely by genetics.
  2. They have different friction ridge skin patterns.
  3. They have different genetic make-up.
  4. Both (1) and (2)

Answer and Explanation

3. Hills and valleys on the friction ridge skin called

  1. Hills: Ridges, Valleys: Furrows
  2. Hills: Furrows, Valleys: Ridges
  3. Hills: Grooves, Valleys: Depressions
  4. Hills: Peaks, Valleys: Troughs

Answer and Explanation

4. Which of the following organizations is associated with the field of fingerprint identification?

(a) International Association for Identification
(b) Scientific Working Group on Friction Ridge Analysis, Study and Technology (SWGFAST)
(c) Global Fingerprint Database
(d) Forensic Science Society

Choose the correct option from the list:

  1. (a) and (b)
  2. (b) and (c)
  3. (b) and (d)
  4. (c) and (d)

Answer

5. Which among the following are the most complex fingerprint pattern?

  1. Arch
  2. Loop
  3. Whorl
  4. Delta

Answer and Explanation

6. What are the two definable features in loop and whorl patterns?

  1. Core and radius
  2. Core and delta
  3. Ulna and delta
  4. Radius and ulna

Answer and Explanation

7. What are the three ways ridges of a fingerprint form minutiae?

  1. Delta, core, and dot
  2. Delta, core, and island
  3. Ending ridge, bifurcation, and dot
  4. Ending ridge, bifurcation, and island

Answer and Explanation

8. Which European is often credited with being the first to recognize the value of fingerprints as a means of personal identification?

  1. Alphonse Bertillon
  2. Francis Galton
  3. Sir William Herschel
  4. Johann Caspar Lavater

Answer and Explanation

9. What was the primary purpose of Sir William Herschel’s use of fingerprints?

  1. Art authentication
  2. Controlling fraud in contracts
  3. Identifying missing persons
  4. Criminal investigations

Answer and Explanation

10. Which country had evidence of fingerprint recognition hundreds of years before Sir William Herschel?

  1. Egypt
  2. Greece
  3. Rome
  4. China

Answer and Explanation

11. Over what period did Sir William Herschel demonstrate the persistence of ridge patterns in fingerprints?

  1. 10 years
  2. 25 years
  3. 50 years
  4. Lifetime

Answer and Explanation

12. Dr. Henry Faulds was _________ by training and profession before he went to India as medical missionary in 1871.

  1. Scottish Archaeologist
  2. Scottish physician
  3. Scottish psychiatrist
  4. Scottish chemist

Answer and Explanation

13. What important discovery did Dr. Henry Faulds make about fingerprints around 1880?

  1. They can be used for personal identification.
  2. They are more reliable than anthropometric measurements.
  3. They cannot be altered or removed.
  4. They can be classified, and ridge detail is unique.

Answer and Explanation

14. To whom did Dr. Henry Faulds write a letter regarding fingerprints in 1880?

  1. Sir William Herschel
  2. Charles Darwin
  3. Francis Galton
  4. Albert Einstein

Answer and Explanation

15. In which British journal did Dr. Henry Faulds publish his observations on fingerprints in 1880?

  1. Nature
  2. The Lancet
  3. The Royal Society
  4. British Medical Journal

Answer and Explanation

16. Who was in dispute with Dr. Henry Faulds over the priority of fingerprint use as a means of personal identification?

  1. Charles Darwin
  2. Francis Galton
  3. Sir William Herschel
  4. Louis Pasteur

Answer and Explanation

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2 Comments

    1. The answer is correct. However, the option number was incorrect. I also add additional information in the explanation to make it more clear. You can reference the answer to Pg. 332. Nordby Book