Following is the table of all the major active principles of plant toxins along with their common names, and toxic plant parts that are quite helpful in your examination of forensic medicine and toxicology.

S.No.Botanical NameCommon NamesToxic PartsActive Principle
1Abrus precatoriusJequirity bean or rosary peaSeeds (mainly), root and stem leavesAbrin
2Aconitum NapellusAconite, MonkshoodFlower and leavesAconitine
3Aesculus hippocastanumHorse chestnutAll parts especially seedsEsculin
4Alocasia macrorrhizaGiant taro, elephant earAll partsInsoluble calcium oxalate
5Amanita phalloidesDeath cap (mushroom)Cap and stemAlpha-amanitin
6Antiaris toxicariaUpas tree, AntiarisLeaves and barkAntiarin
7Argemone mexicanaMexican poppy, flowering thistleAll parts especially seedsSanguinarine, Dihydrosanguinarine
8Atropa belladonnaBelladonna, Deadly nightshadeAll partsScopolamine, atropine, hyoscine, and hyoscyamine
9Calotropis proceraSodom apple, stabragh, king’s crown, rubber bushAll parts, roots and stem are more toxicCalotropin, Calotropage, Cardenolides (calactin, calotoxin, and uscharin),
10Cannabis sativa/ IndicaIndian hemp, hashishLeaves, flower, fruit, stemTetrahydrocannabinol (THC), Cannabinol (CBN), Cannabinoids (CBD)
11Catha edulisKath, qatBuds and tender leavesCathinone
12Cerbara odollumDabur, suicide tree, pong-pong, mintollaFruit and seedCerberin (difficult to detect in autopsies)
13Cerbera thevetiaYellow oleander, pilakaner, bastard oleanderAll parts, especially leaves and fruitsThevetin, thevitoxin, nerifolin
14Cleistanthus collinusNALeaves and barkOduvin (Diphyllin, Cleistanthin A and B)
15Colchicum AutumnaleMeadow saffron, Autumn crocus, nakey lady)Corn, seeds, and flowerColchicine
16Conium MaculatumHemlockAll parts toxic. Most toxic unripe seedsConiine andγ -coniceine
17Convallaria MajalisLily of the ValleyAll parts, esp. flower, fruitConvallatoxin
18Crotolaria spectabilisShowy rattlebox or showy rattle podAll partsMonocrotaline
19Croton tigliumCroton tiglium, Jamal-gotaSeeds and oilRicin
20Daphne OdoraWinter daphneFlower and berriesDiterpenoids
21Datura stramonium, BrugmansiaAngel’s Trumpet (thorn apple, Jimsonweed)All partsTropane alkaloidshyoscine (scopolamine), hyoscyamine, and atropine
22Digitalis purpurea linnYellow broom, fox gloveSeed, leaves and TwigsDigitoxin
23Erythroxylum cocaCoke, snowLeavescocaine (methylbenzoylecgonine)
24Euonymus EuropeausSpindle treeFruitsEvobioside, Evomonoside
25Euphorbia helioscopiaSun spurgeMilky latexPhorbol esters in latex, Tripenoids
26Gloriosa superbSuperb lily, flame lily andkalihariTubers and rootscolchicine, gloriosine, superbrine
27Laburnum Anagyroidesgolden chain or rainAll partsCytisine highest conc. in ripe seeds and seed pods
28Lophophora wiliamsiiDevine cactus (Peyote)CactusPhenethylamine, mescaline
29Nerium oleanderWhite oleander, kaner, Oleander, Laurier roseAll partsOleandrin (most toxic in seeds)
30Nicotiana tabaccumTobacco and tambakuAll parts except ripe seedsConiine
31Papaver somniferumOpium poppy and afimPetals, stem, seeds and ripe driedcapsulesOpium
32PartheniumhysterophorusCarrot grassLeaves and seedsParthenin
33Phaseolus VulgarisGreen BeansRaw beansPhasin
34Piper methysticumYaqona (Magic Mushrooms)Cap and stemPsilocin and psilocybin
35Plumbago roseaRakta chitrakaRootPlumbagin
36Prunus amygdalusAlmond, baadamRosaceaeAlmond
37Ricinus communisCastor bean and oilSeedslectin ricin
38Strychnos nux vomicaPoison nut and kuchilaAll parts especially seeds of ripe fruitsStrychnine and Brucine
39Taxus baccataYewAll parts, except arilTaxine B

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